The Catalanides have historically separated the industrial towns of the coast from the predominantly agricultural settlements of the hinterlands. Emilio Morenatti/AP With Madrid continuing to oppose his efforts, Mas called for snap regional parliamentary elections to be held in September 2015. The raising of pigs and cows is the dominant agricultural activity. The autonomouscommunity of Catalonia occupies a triangular area in the northeastern corner of Spain. com The Popular Unity Candidacy had opposed the retention of Mas as Catalan president, and the survival of the coalition hinged on an agreement between the pro-independence parties regarding a compromise candidate. Spanish authorities then issued an international warrant for Puigdemont’s arrest. On the eve of the vote, opinion polls found that Catalans were roughly evenly split on the issue of independence, but an overwhelming majority favoured putting the issue to a fair and legal vote. Scotland’s referendum on independence from the United Kingdom in September 2014, although ultimately unsuccessful, galvanized the independence movement in Catalonia.
In 1640 Catalonia revolted against Spain and placed itself under the protection of Louis XIII of France, but the revolt was quelled in the 1650s spanish dating service. In the 20th century there was additional concentration of population in the city of Barcelona and its satellite towns. Area 12,390 square miles (32,091 square km) spanish dating service. The former was initially predominant, particularly in the first decades of the 20th century. Puigdemont stated that he had no intention of seeking asylum in Belgium, but he did refuse to return to Spain. Perhaps emboldened by the events in Catalonia, on October 22 voters in the northern Italian regions of Veneto and Lombardy overwhelmingly backed referenda that called for greater local autonomy. Vicente RodriguezThe Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica Learn More in these related articles:. Framing the contest as a de facto plebiscite on independence, Mas led the Junts pel Sí (“Together for Yes”) alliance that won 62 of the 135 seats in the Catalan parliament.
Mas stepped aside, although he remained a member of the Catalan parliament, and Puigdemont vowed to continue the efforts to establish an independent Catalan state. /Corbis Catalan separatism reemerged in the 19th century in the support given to Carlism. Undeterred, a defiant Puigdemont announced in June 2017 that Catalonia would hold a binding referendum on independence on October 1, 2017.. ” Rajoy countered by stating that the referendum was a “mockery” of democracy, and Spanish officials blamed police violence on the “irresponsibility of the Catalan government. A compromise was worked out with the central government, and in September 1932 the statute of autonomy for Catalonia became law. The Esquerra won a sweeping victory in the municipal elections of 1931, and two days later its leader proclaimed a Catalan Republic. From the 17th century it was the centre of a separatist movement that sometimes dominated Spanish affairs. .